Morganite and its properties.
Morganite is named after the banker and gemstone aficionado J P Morgan (1837-1913). Morganite is the rare pink member of the beryl family.
Its colour, which ranges from a yellowish salmon-pink, through champagne to an almost lilac pink, is one of the main attractions to jewellery lovers and gem collectors. Like other Beryls, Morganite commonly occurs as an accessory mineral in granites and is usually found in cavities and in granite pegmatites.
Beryl is essentially colourless but morganite derives its pink colour from impurities of magnesium present in the stone.
It is one of the rarest of the Beryl family, making it an expensive stone. Specimens should have a nice lustre and not have any obvious inclusions. Faceting is important to bring out the lustre. When unfaceted it resembles ROSE QUARTZ, but cutting enhances its appearance.
This gemstone is also dichroic, showing pink from one angle and clear from another, and cutting must take that into consideration.
Very rarely, bi-coloured stones are found that are part morganite and part Aquamarine, but being so rare these are museum pieces.
News spread very quickly about this new and exciting gemstone and in 1911 G F Kunz, a well known gemologist from New York, found the gem in Madagascar. He named this gem after his biggest customer and banker, J P Morgan.
This gemstone is now one of the most popular gemstones from the beryl family alongside Emerald and Aquamarine.
The rule that says “the more transparent, the more valuable” only applies to a certain extent. There are many gem lovers who prefer this stone with small inclusions. The attributes of this stone are said to enable the wearer to focus on the joys of life, alleviate stress and pressure and open the heart chakra. Even just the sight of this gemstone cannot fail to cheer you up.
The first Morganite to be described was a pale rose-coloured specimen from California, where it occurred with tourmaline. However some of the finest gemstones are mined in Madagascar. Brazil produces pure pink crystals, as well as some containing Aquamarine and Morganite in the same crystal. Other locations where it is mined include Elba (Italy) Mozambique, Namibia, Zimbabwe and it was recently discovered in Pakistan.
Morganite from Mozambique is some of the most beautiful the world has ever seen. In a country rich in gemstones it is not surprising. They always seem to be extra vibrant.
While most African Morganite from Africa are more pinkish, that mined in Brazil has a warm orangish peach hue. When left for long periods in sunlight Brazilian morganite tends to loose some of its peach hues and starts to look more African pinkish.
It is not a gemstone that likes extensive exposure to sunlight.
The so named “Grace Morganite” is believed to be the largest faceted example in the world. It weighs in at 988 carats and is on display at a museum.
Unfortunately, there is very little of this gemstone being mined today. However as it is in such demand, you can rest assured that someone is hunting for new areas where it can be found.
Because of these reasons, it is very much a gemstone to look for and add to a collection.
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