Citrine and its properties.
Natural bright yellow Citrine is the rarest of the Quartz varieties. It is named from the old French word citrin, meaning yellow. The ancient Romans used it for jewellery and intaglio work and was very popular for jewellery in the 19th century.
It is the birthstone of November and is also recognised as the gemstone to celebrate the 17th wedding anniversary.
By far the largest supplier of Citrine is Rio Grande do Sol State in southern Brazil, although other mines are located in the USA in Carolina, Colorado and California. The most valuable stones are the darkest, sometimes known as Madeira citrine for their resemblance to the colour of fortified wine. In nature , citrine’s colour is due to tiny impurities of ferrous oxide.
Citrine is sometimes confused with TOPAZ, which is much more precious and expensive. Be wary of stones called “Topaz Quartz” or “Citrine Topaz” or the like. They often signal the fact that the less costly citrine is being passed off as something more valuable.
In its golden form, the ancients revered the gemstone as a gift of the sun and they considered it a powerful antidote to the viper’s venom.
The gemstone is thought to posses the power to disperse depression and manage anger.
If a man wears the gemstone he is thought to become more striking and intellectual. For a woman, it is said to make her fertile, happy and contented.
Folklore suggests that the gem can have a cooling effect, can alleviate nocturnal fears, can warn the wearer of illnesses and the presence of poisons. Thus protecting from sudden death. It is believed that as well as removing toxins from the body, it is said to be good for the healing of the heart, kidneys and liver as well as aiding digestion.
Some crystal healers also believe that the gem helps to fight diabetes. Other mythical powers include the ability to calm and soothe and to act as the signature of wisdom and peace.
When you stand looking out to sea and watch the bright yellow sun setting on the horizon, you see the beautiful colours of the Citrine gemstone. It can leave any person breathless with wonder.
Stunning, vibrant and glowing yellow, this gemstone has a warm and tantalising tone that seems to have captured the last glow of the sunset.
Quality Citrine is said to brighten up even the dullest of winter days. It does not suffer from cleavage problems making it ideal for cutting into unusual shapes. Therefore it is often used in bespoke jewellery.
It is thought that 95% of the gemstones set into jewellery today is originally mined as Amethyst or Smokey Quartz. It is then heat-treated in the worldwide accepted process. It is heated to a temperature in excess of 470 degrees which turns it into a vibrant Citrine.
In the past, natural Citrine has been discovered in France and Spain and even on the Isle of Arran in Scotland. However, most of the natural coloured Citrine is mined in Brazil.
.If you are trying to find a citrine whose colour is completely natural, then look for one where the colour is slightly paler and also slightly clouded.
Because of the hardness of this gemstone, “seven” on the Mohs scale, it is very resistant to scratches. As it also does not suffer from any cleavage problems, it is an all-round winner for jewellery designers. It is sure to remain at the top of contemporary jewellery for many years to come.
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